To know how to pray effectively, it is best to know who you're praying to. Below you'll find the names of God and His characteristics.
ELOHIM - "God", a reference to God's power and might - Genesis 1:1; Psalm 19:1;
ADONAI - "Lord", a reference to the Lordship of God - Malachi 1:6;
JEHOVAH-YAHWEH - A reference to God's divine salvation - Genesis 2:4;
JEHOVAH-MACCADDESHEM - "The Lord thy sanctifier" - Exodus 31:13;
JEHOVAH-ROHI - "The Lord my shepherd" - Psalm 23:1;
JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH - "The Lord who is present" - Ezekiel 48:35;
JEHOVAH-RAPHA - "The Lord our healer" - Exodus 15:26;
JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU - "The Lord our righteousness" - Jeremiah 23:6;
JEHOVAH-JIREH - "The Lord will provide" - Genesis 22:13-14;
JEHOVAH-NISSI - "The Lord our banner" - Exodus 17:15;
JEHOVAH-SHALOM - "The Lord is peace" - Judges 6:24;
JEHOVAH-SABBAOTH - "The Lord of Hosts" - Isaiah 6:1-3;
JEHOVAH-GMOLAH - "The God of Recompense" - Jeremiah 51:6;
EL-ELYON - "The most high God - Genesis 14:17-20; Isaiah 14:13-14;
EL-ROI - "The strong one who sees" - Genesis 16:13;
EL-SHADDAI - "The God of the mountains or God Almighty" - Genesis 17:1; Psalm 91:1;
EL-OLAM - "The everlasting God" - Isaiah 40:28-31;